Sensing, calculating, and disseminating evacuating routes during an indoor fire using a sensor and diffusion network

Jingya Liu, Roberto Rojas-Cessa, Ziqian Dong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a framework for calculating efficient routes to evacuate a single-story building during a fire. The presented approach includes the processing of information collected from a sensor network, deployed with high granularity in an indoor environment, an algorithm to calculate evacuation routes, and dissemination of route information to occupants. The deployed sensors determine the state of whether a well-defined area of a building is transitable or blocked. The collection of transitable areas is used to determine evacuation paths. Route calculation is based on the A∗ algorithm. We evaluate the performance of the proposed framework under the event of a fire. We consider routing with safety margins on the distance between an occupant and the fire to increase the probability of success of evacuation under a spreading fire. We also show that the information provided by a fully functional information network adopting the proposed framework facilitates the evacuation to the extent that an occupant experiences little or no confusion as to where to exit for fires spreading at different speeds. In general, we see that an occupant may easily be routed to the exit to which evacuation may take the shortest time and that changes of evacuation routes hardly occur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationICNSC 2016 - 13th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781467399753
DOIs
StatePublished - May 25 2016
Event13th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control, ICNSC 2016 - Mexico City, Mexico
Duration: Apr 28 2016Apr 30 2016

Publication series

NameICNSC 2016 - 13th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control

Other

Other13th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control, ICNSC 2016
CountryMexico
CityMexico City
Period4/28/164/30/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation

Keywords

  • emergency network
  • emergency scenario
  • evacuation
  • fire
  • sensor network

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