Separation of a 2-Propanol/n-Heptane Mixture by Liquid Membrane Perstraction

Theoharis Papadopoulos, Kamalesh Sirkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effectiveness of perstraction separation of a 2 vol % 2-propanol-n-heptane mixture using dodecane as the strip liquid was studied using a hollow fiber contained liquid membrane permeator (HFCLMP). The liquid membranes used were pure water and 3 wt % water in sulfolane. Both liquid membranes yielded similar mass-transfer coefficients and 2-propanol removal rates. Pure water, however, exhibited 3 times higher selectivity for 2-propanol than 3 wt % water in sulfolane. Selectivities of 2-propanol over n-heptane as high as 447 were experimentally obtained. The observed fluxes and selectivities at 25 °C are close to those obtained in prevaporation of a 10% 2-propanol-n-hexane mixture through cellulose ester films at 60 °C. A first-order mathematical model was developed using partition coefficients that are functions of solute concentration, and it predicts the observed behavior of the two systems relatively well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)663-673
Number of pages11
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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