The technique of contained liquid membranes (CLM) for liquid solution separation is discussed. The CLM is obtained by confining the membrane liquid between two sets of microporous hollow fibers (MHF). The lumen of the hollow fiber carries the feed or the strip solution under proper phase pressure condition vis-a-vis the membrane phase. Various possible structural configurations of the CLM are illustrated with respect to the nature of microporous hollow fiber substrate, the feed solution and the liquid membrane. The contributions of different resistances to the solute transport rate are identified. Some basic experimental data obtained in small CLM permeators are presented for two systems with organic liquid membranes to illustrate how steady state separation is achieved after an initial unsteady period. The considerable advantages of the CLM structure over more traditional liquid membrane techniques such as supported Liquid membrane (SLM) with respect to membrane stability, membrane regeneration and feed equilibration are pointed out.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Filtration and Separation