Settlement of bioreactor landfills during filling operation

Carlos Hunte, Patrick Hettiaratchi, Jay N. Meegoda, Chamil H. Hettiarachchi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The knowledge of the rate and amount of settlement is important for effective design and operation of bioreactor landfills. Accurate knowledge of settlement would allow estimation of air space, planning of construction sequence, design of both intermediate and final covers as well as planning for expansions. It is also essential for the design of piping systems used for the delivery of re-circulated leachate and landfill gas recovery. Though the majority of settlement takes after landfill closure over a number of years, considerable amount occurs during the filling and construction stages, which usually goes unnoticed. In the Calgary biocell, which is a bioreactor landfill, real-time waste settlement data was collected during the filling of the cell. The field data collected during the cell construction stage is presented in this manuscript. The settlement trend follows the waste filling operation. The data was analyzed and the average unit weight of the waste matrix and the compression index were calculated. These two parameters are can be used in models to predict early stage waste settlement. The compression index was calculated as 0.21 while the unit weight of waste was 5.6 kPa. Copyright ASCE 2007.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGeotechnical Special Publication
Issue number163
StatePublished - 2007
EventGeo-Denver 2007: New Peaks in Geotechnics - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Feb 18 2007Feb 21 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


  • Bioreactor landfill
  • Compression Index
  • Stress
  • Unit weight
  • Waste settlement


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