Similarities between dynamic elastance of left ventricular chamber and papillary muscle of rabbit heart

K. B. Campbell, H. Taheri, R. D. Kirkpatrick, T. Burton, W. C. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The frequency-dependent dynamic elastance of the left ventricle (LV) of isolated rabbit heart was determined and compared with dynamic stiffness of excised rabbit papillary muscle. Comparison was made in three states: 1) relaxed, 2) BaCl2 contracture, and 3) rigor. Dynamic chamber elastance was determined by pressure-to-volume ratio at 12 frequencies of sinusoidal volume variation between 0.1 and 30 Hz. Dynamic elastance during BaCl2 contracture was distinctly different from that during either relaxed or rigor states. Characteristics of BaCl2 contracture were 1) as frequency increased, polar plot of real and imaginary elastance showed a progressively opening clockwise spiral that tended eventually to become tangent to the apogee of a semi- circle by 30 Hz; 2) modulus spectrum exhibited asymptotes at low and high frequencies with an intervening dip to a minimum at 1.25 Hz; and 3) phase showed a sharp transition at dip frequency from small negative values at lower frequencies to large positive values at intermediate frequencies and then declined at highest frequencies. There was little dependence of dynamic elastance on frequency in both relaxed and rigor states. Dynamic muscle stiffness exhibited all features of dynamic chamber elastance in all three states. We concluded that dynamic elements responsible for myofiber stiffness were also responsible for LV chamber elastance. Furthermore, it was possible to describe and interpret dynamic chamber elastance and muscle stiffness with a common model based on muscle cross-bridge theory. This model did a reasonable job of reproducing all important features of experimentally observed LV chamber elastance and muscle stiffness. Thus dynamic homologies between chamber and muscle were established in experimental data and in the fact that a single interpretive model served equally well for both chamber elastance and muscle stiffness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1926-H1941
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume264
Issue number6 33-6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Keywords

  • cardiac muscle
  • frequency response
  • heart mechanics
  • left ventricle

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