(Simulating) Coronal Mass Ejections in Active Stars

Julián D. Alvarado-Gómez, Jeremy J. Drake, Cecilia Garraffo, Sofia P. Moschou, Ofer Cohen, Rakesh K. Yadav, Federico Fraschetti, Alexander Kosovichev, Klaus Strassmeier, Moira Jardine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The stellar magnetic field completely dominates the environment around late-type stars. It is responsible for driving the coronal high-energy radiation (e.g. EUV/X-rays), the development of stellar winds, and the generation transient events such as flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). While progress has been made for the first two processes, our understanding of the eruptive behavior in late-type stars is still very limited. One example of this is the fact that despite the frequent and highly energetic flaring observed in active stars, direct evidence for stellar CMEs is almost non-existent. Here we discuss realistic 3D simulations of stellar CMEs, analyzing their resulting properties in contrast with solar eruptions, and use them to provide a common framework to interpret the available stellar observations. Additionally, we present results from the first 3D CME simulations in M-dwarf stars, with emphasis on possible observable signatures imprinted in the stellar corona.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-413
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD)
  • Sun: Coronal mass ejections (CMEs)
  • Sun: Flares
  • stars: Activity
  • stars: Coronae
  • stars: Flare
  • stars: Winds, outflows

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