Smartphone usage and daily trips: an empirical study of small and rural communities in Texas

Jiahe Bian, Wei Li, Andong Chen, Muhammad Usman, Xinyue Ye, Xiao Li, Bahar Dadashova, Chanam Lee, Marcia G. Ory

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigated stated trip changes related to smartphone usage among the residents in nine small and rural communities in Texas, based on a 419-respondent online survey. The survey results showed that most participants always used smartphones to perform tasks. After controlling for socioeconomic status, perceived adaptability to technology, and population density, smartphone usage was generally positively associated with the stated impact on daily trip frequency. High-income participants were less likely to report a positive impact of smartphone usage on work-related trips. Compared to younger adults, smartphone use among older adults (aged 50 years or older) was less likely to influence trip-making. Based on the study findings, policy recommendations about smartphone-based information provision systems and information accessibility were discussed. The findings could help policymakers and practitioners design planning protocols that encourage sustainable travel and build the next-generation small and rural communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTransportation Planning and Technology
StateAccepted/In press - 2024
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Transportation


  • Smartphone
  • information technology
  • older adults
  • small and rural communities
  • trip frequency


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