Solar differential rotation: Hints to reproduce a near-surface shear layer in global simulations

G. Guerrero, P. K. Smolarkiewicz, A. Kosovichev, N. Mansour

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Convective turbulent motions in the solar interior, as well as the mean flows resulting from them, determine the evolution of the solar magnetic field. With the aim to get a better understanding of these flows we study anelastic rotating convection in a spherical shell whose stratification resembles that of the solar interior. This study is done through numerical simulations performed with the EULAG code. Due to the numerical formulation, these simulations are known as implicit large eddy simulations (ILES), since they intrinsically capture the contribution of, non-resolved, small scales at the same time maximizing the effective Reynolds number. We reproduce some previous results and find a transition between buoyancy and rotation dominated regimes which results in anti-solar or solar like rotation patterns. Even thought the rotation profiles are dominated by Taylor-Proudman columnar rotation, we are able to reproduce the tachocline and a low latitude near-surface shear layer. We find that simulations results depend on the grid resolution as a consequence of a different sub-grid scale contribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSolar and Astrophysical Dynamos and Magnetic Activity
EditorsAlexander G. Kosovichev, Elisabete de Gouveia Dal Pino, Yihua Yan
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
ISSN (Print)1743-9213
ISSN (Electronic)1743-9221

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Space and Planetary Science


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