Dispersion‐free solvent extraction using microporous hydrophobic membranes has been extended to hydrophilic and composite hydrophobic‐hydrophilic membranes. Excess phase pressure conditions, if needed for dispersion‐free operation, have been identified. Boundary layer and membrane resistances to solute transport have been isolated and simple relations developed for the overall mass transfer coefficient in such systems. A variety of flat microporous membranes have been utilized. Previous investigations by others had interpreted the membrane mass transfer resistance using the notion of unhindered diffusion through tortuous pores of the membrane. We have studied here the applicability and limitations of such a model for a number of membrane‐solute‐solvent systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Chemical Engineering(all)