Spectroelectrochemical characterization of pain biomarkers

Marcells A. Omole, Naumih Noah, Lisa Zhou, Anas Almaletti, Omowunmi A. Sadik, Helen N. Asemota, Elvira S. William, Jason Gilchrist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


This article reports the first electrochemical characterization of pain biomarkers that include arachidonic acid (AA), prostaglandin G2 (PGG2), and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2). These biomarkers are mediators of pathophysiology of pain, inflammation, and cell proliferation in cancer. The article also reports the development of an electrochemical immunosensor for monitoring these pain biomarkers. The results revealed that direct electron transfer between AA metabolites and the electrode could be easily monitored and that an enzyme-modified electrode dramatically enhanced bioelectrocatalytic activity toward AA. Cyclic voltammetric analysis of AA revealed a concentration-dependent anodic current with a slope of 2.37 and a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.25 nM. This unique AA/gold electrode electron transfer provides a good electrochemical sensing platform for prostaglandin H2 (PGH2) as the basis for quantitation of pain. An amperometric signal intensity of a COX-2 antibody-modified gold electrode was linear with COX-2 concentration in the range of 0.1-0.5 μg/ml and an LOD of 0.095 μg/ml. The results also revealed a linear correlation of the concentration of PGG2 with an LOD of 0.227 μM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-60
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


  • Arachidonic acid
  • COX-2
  • Cyclic voltammetry
  • Pain


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