Stable hexagonal-wurtzite silicon phase by laser ablation

Yan Zhang, Zafar Iqbal, Sankaran Vijayalakshmi, Haim Grebel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


A stable phase of relatively large hexagonal-wurtzite silicon crystals (up to 20 μm) was directly deposited at low pressure using ultraviolet laser ablation. The films were grown on a variety of substrates at room temperature from a single crystal, cubic silicon target. Crystallites of the hexagonal-wurtzite phase of silicon were clearly identified using selected area electron diffraction. Further support for this identification was provided by confocal scanning micro-Raman spectroscopy. The deposition of hexagonal silicon films may lead to novel two-dimensional optoelectronic devices, and pave the way to studies of the electronic properties of this lower symmetry, uncommon silicon phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2758-2760
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number18
StatePublished - Nov 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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