Statistical hypothesis testing and variance analysis for radio frequency interference identification in solar data

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Abstract

This work presents an effective algorithm for radio frequency interference (RFI) identification using dynamic power spectrum statistics in the frequency domain. Statistical signal processing techniques such as hypothesis testing and variance analysis are utilized to derive a test statistic for effective and efficient RFI identification. Starting from the generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT), we formulate the problem systematically and propose a practical test statistic T(x; f), shown to be F distributed, for RFI identification. A threshold approach working on this test statistic is developed to identify the presence of narrowband RFI in the power spectrum with additive Gaussian noise and/or solar flare background, corresponding to a desired constant false alarm rate (CFAR). Detailed analysis on detector performance and effect of RFI duty cycle are also provided. The proposed statistical test is applied to experimental solar data collected by our frequency-agile solar radio telescope (FASR) subsystem testbed (FST) to demonstrate the robustness and scalability of the algorithm, as well as its capability for real-time implementation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1139-1150
Number of pages12
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Volume121
Issue number884
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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