Steganography detection of whole-image-DCT-based watermarking in gray-scale images

Sui Song, Dekun Zou, Constantine Manikopoulos, Yun Qing Shi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In this paper, the recently introduced steganography detection system (SDS), is applied to the detection of whole image DCT-based steganography, in gray-scale images. Here, the watermarking is applied in the first 1000 transform coefficients of the entire image. The normalized differences in the coefficients of the DCT transforms of the watermarked and unwatermarked images from the original are treated as features. SDS utilizes statistical preprocessing, over subsets of the set of transform coefficient values of each image, organized as feature vectors. These vectors are then fed into a simple neural network classifier. For the experiments conducted here, using 1096 images, SDS achieves perfect detection rate with no misclassifications errors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRecent Advances in Intelligent Systems and Signal Processing
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


  • Data hiding
  • Neural network classification
  • Statistical modeling
  • Steganalysis
  • Steganography
  • Watermarking


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