Strain-Control of Cycloidal Spin Order in a Metallic Van der Waals Magnet

Kai Du, Fei Ting Huang, Kasun Gamage, Junjie Yang, Maxim Mostovoy, Sang Wook Cheong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The manipulation of magnetism through strain control is a captivating area of research with potential applications for low-power devices that do not require dissipative currents. Recent investigations of insulating multiferroics have unveiled tunable relationships among polar lattice distortions, Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interactions (DMI), and cycloidal spin orders that break inversion symmetry. These findings have raised the possibility of utilizing strain or strain gradient to manipulate intricate magnetic states by changing polarization. However, the effectiveness of manipulating cycloidal spin orders in “metallic” materials with screened magnetism-relevant electric polarization remains uncertain. In this study, the reversible strain control of cycloidal spin textures in a metallic van der Waals magnet, Cr1/3TaS2, through the modulation of polarization and DMI induced by strain is demonstrated. With thermally-induced biaxial strains and isothermally-applied uniaxial strains, systematic manipulation of the sign and wavelength of the cycloidal spin textures is realized, respectively. Additionally, unprecedented reflectivity reduction under strain and domain modification at a record-low current density are also discovered. These findings establish a connection between polarization and cycloidal spins in metallic materials and present a new avenue for utilizing the remarkable tunability of cycloidal magnetic textures and optical functionality in van der Waals metals with strain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2303750
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number39
StatePublished - Sep 27 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


  • cycloidal spin
  • multiferroics
  • strain-induced Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interactions
  • straintronics
  • van der Waals magnet


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