Structural-functional connectivity deficits of callosal-white matter-cortical circuits in schizophrenia

Pan Wang, Yuan Jiang, Matthew J. Hoptman, Yilu Li, Qingquan Cao, Pushti Shah, Benjamin Klugah-Brown, Bharat B. Biswal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Schizophrenia is increasingly recognized as a disorder with altered integration between large-scale functional networks and cortical-subcortical pathways. This spatial long-distance information communication must be associated with white matter (WM) fiber bundles. With accumulating evidence that WM functional signals reflect the intrinsic neural activities, how the deep callosal organization modulates cortical functional activities through WM remains unclear in schizophrenia. Using a data-driven method, we identified nine WM and gray matter (GM) functional networks, and then parcellated corpus callosum into distinct sub-regions. Combining functional connectivity and fiber tracking analysis, we estimated the structural and functional connectivity changes of callosal-WM-cortical circuits in schizophrenia. We observed higher structural and functional connectivity between corpus callosum, WM and GM functional networks involving visual network (visual processing), executive control network (executive controls), ventral attention network (processing of salience), and limbic network (emotion processing) in schizophrenia compared to healthy controls. We also found nine abnormal pathways of callosal-WM-cortical circuits involving the above networks and default mode network (self-related thought). These results highlight the role of connectivity deficits in callosal-WM-cortical circuits may play in understanding the delusions, hallucinations and cognitive impairment of schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115559
JournalPsychiatry Research
StatePublished - Dec 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


  • Corpus callosum
  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Functional connectivity
  • Schizophrenia
  • White matter


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