Structural origin of recovered ferroelectricity in BaTi O3 nanoparticles

H. Zhang, S. Liu, S. Ghose, B. Ravel, I. U. Idehenre, Y. A. Barnakov, S. A. Basun, D. R. Evans, T. A. Tyson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Nanoscale BaTiO3 particles (≈10 nm) prepared by ball-milling a mixture of oleic acid and heptane have been reported to have an electric polarization several times larger than that for bulk BaTiO3. In this work, detailed local, intermediate, and long-range structural studies are combined with spectroscopic measurements to develop a model structure of these materials. The x-ray spectroscopic measurements reveal large Ti off-centering as the key factor producing the large spontaneous polarization in the nanoparticles. Temperature-dependent lattice parameter changes manifest sharpening of the structural phase transitions in these BaTiO3 nanoparticles compared to the pure nanoparticle systems. Sharp crystalline-type peaks in the barium oleate Raman spectra suggest that this component in the composite core-shell matrix, a product of mechanochemical synthesis, stabilizes an enhanced polar structural phase of the BaTiO3 core nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064106
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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