Structure of magnetic fields in NOAA active regions 0486 and 0501 and in the associated interplanetary ejecta

Vasyl Yurchyshyn, Qiang Hu, Valentyna Abramenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spectacular burst of solar activity in October-November 2003, when large solar spots and intense solar flares dominated the solar surface for many consecutive days, caused intense geomagnetic storms. In this paper we analyze solar and interplanetary magnetic fields associated with the storms in October-November 2003. We used space- and ground-based data in order to compare the orientations of the magnetic fields on the solar surface and at 1 AU as well as to estimate parameters of geomagnetic storms during this violent period of geomagnetic activity. Our study further supports earlier reports on the correlation between the coronal mass ejection speed and the strength of the magnetic field in an interplanetary ejecta. A good correspondence was also found between directions of the helical magnetic fields in interplanetary ejecta and in the source active regions. These findings are quite significant in terms of their potential to predict the severity of geomagnetic activity 1-2 days in advance, immediately after an Earth directed solar eruption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberS08C02
JournalSpace Weather
Volume3
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

Keywords

  • interplanetary magnetic fields
  • magnetic storms
  • solar eruptions
  • solar magnetic fields
  • solar sources
  • space weather forecasting

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