Studies of the blue to red phase transition in polydiacetylene nanocomposites and blends

Anitha Patlolla, Qi Wang, Anatoly Frenkel, James L. Zunino, Donald R. Skelton, Zafar Iqbal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The conjugated polymeric backbone of polydiacetylenes (PDAs), comprising of alternating eneyne groups, undergo intriguing stress-, chemical- or temperature-induced chromatic phase transitions associated with the disruption of the backbone structure and shortening of the conjugation length. PDAs, such as polymerized 10. 12 pentacosadiynoic acids (PCDA), when incorporated with inorganic oxides form nanocomposites and uniform blends with polymers. Blends of poly-PCDA with polymers, such as polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylidene fluoride and cellulose increase the blue to red transition temperature without affecting the irreversibility of the red phase. However, the addition of zinc oxide to pure poly-PCDA makes the red phase highly reversible and substantially increases the blue to red transition temperature. The addition of TiO2 to poly-PCDA on the other hand does not affect the irreversibility of the red phase and the chromatic transition temperature. In order to understand the atomic scale interactions associated with these changes in the chromatic transitions, we have investigated both the nanocomposites and polymer blends using Raman and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationActive Polymers
PublisherMaterials Research Society
Pages175-180
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781605111636
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Event2009 MRS Spring Meeting - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Apr 14 2009Apr 17 2009

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Volume1190
ISSN (Print)0272-9172

Other

Other2009 MRS Spring Meeting
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period4/14/094/17/09

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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