Sustainability assessments of cooperative vehicle intersection control at an urban corridor

Joyoung Lee, Byungkyu Park, Kristin Malakorn, Jaehyun So

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

Connected Vehicle (CV) technology, formerly known as IntelliDrive, has emerged and is expected to provide unprecedented improvements in mobility. A recent study developed a cooperative vehicle intersection control (CVIC) algorithm for an urban intersection that does not require a stop-and-go style traffic signal and demonstrated significant mobility improvements over an actuated traffic signal control. This paper expanded the algorithm and implemented it to a corridor consisting of multiple intersections. In addition, this paper investigated sustainability aspects of the CVIC system for an urban traffic control system by applying surrogate safety assessment model (SSAM) and VT-Micro model to measure safety and environmental impacts, respectively. A simulation-based case study was performed on a hypothetical arterial consisting of four intersections with eight traffic congestion cases covering low to high volume conditions. When compared to the coordinated actuated control, the CVIC system dramatically reduced the total delay times for the volume cases considered (i.e., from 82% to 100% delay time savings observed). The CVIC system also reduced the number of rear-end crash events by 30-87% for the volume cases considered, indicating that safer driving conditions would be achieved with the CVIC system. Finally, the CVIC system contributed to improving the air quality (i.e., 12-36% CO2 emission reduction) and saving fuel consumptions (11-37% of gas saving).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-206
Number of pages14
JournalTransportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
Volume32
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Computer Science Applications

Keywords

  • Connected vehicles
  • Cooperative vehicle intersection control
  • Intelligent transportation system
  • Safety evaluation
  • Sustainable transportation
  • Traffic operation

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