Sustainable product and material end-of-life management: An approach for evaluating alternatives

David A. Dickinson, Reggie Caudill

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alternatives for management of products and materials at end-of-life include recovery of the product for re-use, recycling of the material content only, and responsible disposal. Choices are affected greatly by the mix of products, recovery technologies, and economics, and must be evaluated from the perspective of not only environmental impact but also sustainability. The Sustainability Target Method (STM) links the economic value of a product with its environmental impact to provide a practical business criterion for sustainability. Extension of the STM to the product end-of-life stage provides basic criteria for evaluating end-of-life options. The recovery effectiveness, η and improvement factor, F express the extent to which product recovery offsets total environmental impact and approaches sustainability. The method offers a solution to some practical LCA issues. Application is demonstrated for basic materials recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment
Pages153-158
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Jul 17 2003
Event2003 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment - Boston MA, United States
Duration: May 19 2003May 22 2003

Other

Other2003 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment
CountryUnited States
CityBoston MA
Period5/19/035/22/03

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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