Many systems in biology, physics, and chemistry can be modeled through ordinary differential equations (ODEs), which are piecewise smooth, but switch between different states according to a Markov jump process. In the fast switching limit, the dynamics converges to a deterministic ODE. In this paper, we suppose that this limit ODE supports a stable limit cycle. We demonstrate that a set of such oscillators can synchronize when they are uncoupled, but they share the same switching Markov jump process. The latter is taken to represent the effect of a common randomly switching environment. We determine the leading order of the Lyapunov coefficient governing the rate of decay of the phase difference in the fast switching limit. The analysis bears some similarities to the classical analysis of synchronization of stochastic oscillators subject to common white noise. However, the discrete nature of the Markov jump process raises some difficulties: in fact, we find that the Lyapunov coefficient from the quasi-steady-state approximation differs from the Lyapunov coefficient one obtains from a second order perturbation expansion in the waiting time between jumps. Finally, we demonstrate synchronization numerically in the radial isochron clock model and show that the latter Lyapunov exponent is more accurate.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Applied Mathematics