Synchrotron radiation-based far-infrared spectroscopic ellipsometer with full Mueller-matrix capability

Taras Stanislavchuk, T. D. Kang, P. D. Rogers, E. C. Standard, Roman Basistyy, A. M. Kotelyanskii, Gelu Nita, Tao Zhou, G. L. Carr, M. Kotelyanskii, Andrei Sirenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


We developed far-IR spectroscopic ellipsometer at the U4IR beamline of the National Synchrotron Light Source in Brookhaven National Laboratory. This ellipsometer is able to measure both, rotating analyzer and full-Mueller matrix spectra using rotating retarders, and wire-grid linear polarizers. We utilize exceptional brightness of synchrotron radiation in the broad spectral range between about 20 and 4000 cm-1. Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer is used for multi-wavelength data acquisition. The sample stage has temperature variation between 4.2 and 450 K, wide range of θ-2θ angular rotation, χ tilt angle adjustment, and X-Y-Z translation. A LabVIEW-based software controls the motors, sample temperature, and FT-IR spectrometer and also allows to run fully automated experiments with pre-programmed measurement schedules. Data analysis is based on Berreman's 4 × 4 propagation matrix formalism to calculate the Mueller matrix parameters of anisotropic samples with magnetic permeability μ ≠ 1. A nonlinear regression of the rotating analyzer ellipsometry and/or Mueller matrix (MM) spectra, which are usually acquired at variable angles of incidence and sample crystallographic orientations, allows extraction of dielectric constant and magnetic permeability tensors for bulk and thin-film samples. Applications of this ellipsometer setup for multiferroic and ferrimagnetic materials with μ ≠ 1 are illustrated with experimental results and simulations for TbMnO3 and Dy3Fe5O12 single crystals. We demonstrate how magnetic and electric dipoles, such as magnons and phonons, can be distinguished from a single MM measurement without adducing any modeling arguments. The parameters of magnetoelectric components of electromagnon excitations are determined using MM spectra of TbMnO3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number023901
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation


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