Synthesis and characterization of novel flavonoid derivatives via sequential phosphorylation of quercetin

Francis J. Osonga, Joab O. Onyango, Samuel K. Mwilu, Naomih M. Noah, Jürgen Schulte, Ming An, Omowunmi A. Sadik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Flavonoids are naturally-occurring polyphenolics that have been implicated in a wide range of biological activities. The major obstacles to flavonoid applications are the poor solubility in common solvents. Phosphorylation of flavonoids yields a new class of flavonoid derivatives which are very soluble in aqueous solutions and hence have the potential to be used in biological studies. We hereby report the sequential phosphorylation of Quercetin leading to the synthesis of Quercetin pentaphosphate (QPP), Apigenin triphosphate (ATRP), 5,4′-Quercetin Diphosphate (5,4′-QDP) and 4′-Quercetin monophosphate (4′-QP) with solubility of 848 mg/mL, 367 mg/mL, 315 μg/mL and 106 μg/mL respectively. The synthesis of 4′-QP, 5,4′-QDP, QPP and ATRP was successful with 85%, 60.5%, 56% and 99% yield respectively. These compounds have been characterized using 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 31P NMR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1474-1479
Number of pages6
JournalTetrahedron Letters
Volume58
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

Keywords

  • Flavonoids
  • Phosporylation
  • Quercetin
  • Selective
  • Solubility

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