Eight series of fluorosubstituted three-ring ester liquid crystals have been synthesized. Polarizing microscopic textural observations and DSC measurements of their phase transitions show that most are thermotropic liquid crystals with nematic and smectic A phases; furthermore, several show monotropic high order smectic phases. The results showed that the SmA phase is enhanced with the increasing number of fluoro-substituents at the para- and meta-positions of the terminal phenyl groups. The mesomorphic properties of these compounds are also affected by the direction of the ester bonds. The effect of the triple bond is also discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics