Synthesis, photochemistry, DNA cleavage/binding and cytotoxic properties of fluorescent quinoxaline and quinoline hydroperoxides

Nilanjana Chowdhury, Moumita Gangopadhyay, S. Karthik, N. D. Pradeep Singh, Mithu Baidya, S. K. Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Novel fluorescent quinoxaline and quinoline hydroperoxides were shown to perform dual role as both fluorophores for cell imaging and photoinduced DNA cleaving agents. Photophysical studies of newly synthesized quinoxaline and quinoline hydroperoxides showed that they all exhibited moderate to good fluorescence. Photolysis of quinoxaline and quinoline hydroperoxides in acetonitrile using UV light above 350 nm resulted in the formation of corresponding ester compounds via γ-hydrogen abstraction by excited carbonyl chromophore. Single strand DNA cleavage was achieved on irradiation of newly synthesized hydroperoxides by UV light (≥350 nm). Both hydroxyl radicals and singlet oxygen were identified as reactive oxygen species (ROS) responsible for the DNA cleavage. Further, we showed quinoline hydroperoxide binds to ct-DNA via intercalative mode. In vitro biological studies revealed that quinoline hydroperoxide has good biocompatibility, cellular uptake property and cell imaging ability. Finally, we showed that quinoline hydroperoxide can permeate into cells efficiently and may cause cytotoxicity upon irradiation by UV light.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-198
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
Volume130
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 5 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Keywords

  • Cytotoxicity
  • Hydroperoxides
  • Intercalation
  • Photoinduced DNA cleavage
  • Quinoline
  • Quinoxaline

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