Target tracking in MIMO radar systems: Techniques and performance analysis

Hana Godrich, Vlad M. Chiriac, Alexander M. Haimovich, Rick S. Blum

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

64 Scopus citations


In this paper, moving target tracking performance in multiple input multiple output (MIMO) radar systems with distributed antennas and non-coherent processing is studied. Due to the use of multiple, widely distributed antennas, MIMO radar architectures support both centralized and decentralized tracking techniques. Each receiving radar may contribute to central processing by providing either raw data or partially/fully processed data. Estimation performance of centralized and decentralized tracking is analyzed through the Bayesian Cramer-Rao bound (BCRB). The BCRB offers insight into the effect of the radars geometric layout, the target location, and propagation path losses on tracking accuracies. It is shown that, with different propagation path loss, the manner in which decentralized estimations are combined in the fusion center effects the overall estimation performance. Two tracking algorithms are proposed, corresponding to respectively, a centralized and decentralized modes of operation. It is demonstrated that communication requirements and processing load may be reduced at a relatively low performance cost. Based on mission needs, the system may use either approach: centralized for high accuracy or decentralized for resource-aware tracking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2010 IEEE Radar Conference
Subtitle of host publicationGlobal Innovation in Radar, RADAR 2010 - Proceedings
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2010
EventIEEE International Radar Conference 2010, RADAR 2010 - Washington DC, United States
Duration: May 10 2010May 14 2010

Publication series

NameIEEE National Radar Conference - Proceedings
ISSN (Print)1097-5659


OtherIEEE International Radar Conference 2010, RADAR 2010
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington DC

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • BCRB
  • MIMO radars
  • Target tracking


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