Temperatures of extreme-ultraviolet-emitting plasma structures observed by the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer

Jongchul Chae, Young Deuk Park, Yong Jae Moon, Haimin Wang, H. S. Yun

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38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Transition Region and Coronal Explorer has revealed, in unprecedented detail, various kinds of EUV-emitting plasma structures in the solar upper atmosphere. The filter ratio 195 Å/171 Å has been conventionally used to determine the plasma temperatures, but this method has a shortcoming in that it may not yield a unique temperature value for a given ratio. Therefore, we introduce a new method employing two filter ratios (195 Å/ 171 Å and 284 Å/195 Å). It is demonstrated that this color-color method is effective in determining a wide range of unambiguous plasma temperatures. We have obtained a temperature of 1 × 106 K for a loop that is bright in 171 Å but hardly visible in 284 Å, a higher temperature of 2 × 106 K for a loop that is clearly visible in 195 and 284 Å but not in 171 Å, and a transition-region temperature of 2.5 × 105 K for a low-lying loop that is clearly visible in all the EUV wavelengths. In addition, we have found that "moss" structures have temperatures of around 1 × 106 K and that EUV jets have temperatures of about 2.5 × 105 K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L159-L163
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume567
Issue number2 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • Sun: UV radiation
  • Sun: corona
  • Sun: transition region

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