We have isolated three new chorion cDNA clones from a Ceratitis capitata ovarian library. Their isolation was accomplished by differential screening of the library using as probes 32P-labeled poly(A)+ mRNAs obtained from hand-staged medfly choriogenic versus prechoriogenic follicles. RNA blot hybridization analysis revealed that the genes corresponding to these clones have unique temporal profiles of mRNA accumulation, restricted to specific choriogenic stages. In addition, in vitro translation products encoded by these cDNAs approximately comigrated with polypeptides synthesized de novo in culture by choriogenic follicles. All three genes are located in regions of the medfly genome that are specifically amplified in female ovaries. DNA sequence analysis has revealed that one of these clones is derived from a homolog of the Drosophila melanogaster s38 chorion gene. It appears that, although D. melanogaster and C. capitata are separated by at least 120 million years of evolution, the mechanisms by which chorion genes are expressed and regulated during development have been well maintained. We suggest that the regulatory elements controlling the expression of sex-specific (e.g., chorion) genes may be isolated and used to construct transgenic medfly strains from which females could be eliminated by negative selection; such strains could be used as part of an effort to control this agricultural pest.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology