The effect of carbon nanotube agglomeration on the thermal and mechanical properties of polyethylene oxide

Kwabena Narh, Laila Jallo, Kyong Y. Rhee

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31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of agglomerated versus deagglomerated multiwalled carbon nanotubes on the thermal and mechanical characteristics of polyethylene oxide were studied. The specimens were prepared via solutionsonication method, using two procedures. In the first procedure, CNT-PEO solutions were prepared with asreceived MWCNTs, before sonication using an ultrasonic bath; in the second procedure, aggregated MWCNTs were first deagglomerated using high-intensity ultrasonic processor, before mixing with the PEO. The two solution preparation procedures did result in significant thermal property differences such as increased transition temperature and crystallinity, but only one mechanical property can be conclusively associated with the sample preparation method-the breaking strain which was marginally higher for nano-composites containing deagglomerated CNTs, although in all cases the breaking strains were much lower for nanocomposites than for unfilled polymer. However, the overall results confirm the effectiveness of CNTs both as nucleation agents for semicrystalline polymers, and as fillers for enhancement of mechanical properties of the matrix polymer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)809-817
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer Composites
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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