The effect of functional group polarity in palladium immobilized multiwalled carbon nanotube catalysis: Application in carbon-carbon coupling reaction

Boggarapu Praphulla Chandra, Zheqiong Wu, Susana Addo Ntim, Golakoti Nageswara Rao, Somenath Mitra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are effective supports for nanometals and together they represent hybrids that combine the unique properties of both. A microwave-induced reaction was used to deposit nanopalladium on carboxylated and octadecylamine functionalized multiwall CNTs, which were used to carry out C-C coupling reactions in dimethylformamide (DMF) and toluene. These hybrids showed excellent catalytic activity with yield as high as 99.8%, while its enhancement with respect to commercially available Pd/C catalyst reached as high as 109%, and the reaction times were significantly lower. The polarity of the functionalized form was found to be a significant factor with the polar carboxylated CNT showing better activity in DMF while the relatively nonpolar octadecyl amine was better in toluene. The results suggest the possibility of tailor making functionalized CNTs when used as catalyst supports.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1511
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Keywords

  • Functionalized CNTs
  • Heck reaction
  • Pd-CNT nanohybrids
  • Polarity
  • Semi-homogeneous catalysis

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