The effect of periodic spatial perturbations on the emission rates of quantum dots near graphene platforms

Xin Miao, David J. Gosztola, Xuedan Ma, David Czaplewski, Liliana Stan, Haim Grebel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The quenching of fluorescence (FL) at the vicinity of conductive surfaces and, in particular, near a 2-D graphene layer has become an important biochemical sensing tool. The quenching is attributed to fast non-radiative energy transfer between a chromophore (here, a Quantum Dot, QD) and the lossy graphene layer. Increased emission rate is also observed when the QD is coupled to a resonator. Here, we combine the two effects in order to control the emission lifetime of the QD. In our case, the resonator was defined by an array of nano-holes in the oxide substrate underneath a graphene surface guide. At resonance, the surface mode of the emitted radiation is concentrated at the nano-holes. Thus, the radiation of QD at or near the holes is spatially correlated through the hole-array's symmetry. We demonstrated an emission rate change by more than 50% as the sample was azimuthally rotated with respect to the polarization of the excitation laser. In addition to an electrical control, such control over the emission lifetime could be used to control Resonance Energy Transfer (RET) between two chromophores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3504
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Materials Science


  • Emission lifetime
  • Emission rate
  • Energy transfer
  • Graphene
  • Semiconductor quantum dots


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