The effect of surface roughness on PEO-treated Ti-6Al-4V alloy and corrosion resistance

Linxin Zhu, Roumiana S. Petrova, John P. Gashinski, Zunjian Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


In this paper, Ti-6Al-4V alloy samples with three different surface finishes are treated by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation (PEO) process to investigate the effect of surface roughness on the prepared samples. The low surface roughness reduces the ignition voltage due to a lower Gibbs free energy during heterogeneous nucleation. The surface morphology of the samples are analyzed via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showing surface damage by cavitation, attributed to the rough finishing on the Ti-6Al-4V surface. Besides the traditional porous structure, a non-porous oxide surface is achieved on the polished Ti-6Al-4V surface and the structure of the oxide layers is characterized by microdiffraction at Argonne National Laboratory. Potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) are conducted in Hank's solution, reveals that the cavitation reduces the corrosion potential and passivation behavior of the samples. EIS analysis results are also simulated to identify different oxide layer structures, which is supported by the SEM observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-29
Number of pages8
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
StatePublished - Sep 25 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


  • Bode plot
  • Corrosion
  • EIS
  • Hank's solution
  • Non-porous
  • Nyquist plot
  • PEO
  • Roughness
  • Tafel plot
  • Ti-6Al-4V


Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of surface roughness on PEO-treated Ti-6Al-4V alloy and corrosion resistance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this