The effects of 3D sound in a 360-degree live concert video on social presence, parasocial interaction, enjoyment, and intent of financial supportive action

Mincheol Shin, Stephen W. Song, Se Jung Kim, Frank Biocca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

What would be the social consequences of rendering three-dimensional (3D) sound in a pre-recorded live concert video? Although previous studies demonstrate that the rendering of 3D sound in a pre-recorded live concert may foster a sense of presence, whether and how 3D sound will affect audience's experiences beyond the reporting of a sense of presence has yet to be elucidated. To further investigate the socio-psychological impact of 3D sound in a pre-recorded live concert content, a 2 × 2 mixed design experiment (N = 44), having sound as a within factor (2D vs. 3D) and visualization display mode as a between factor (monoscopic TV vs. stereoscopic VR), was conducted. Drawing from the social presence theory and related work, we specifically investigated whether 3D sound in a pre-recorded live concert content, rendered either through a monoscopic TV screen or a stereoscopic VR device, will contribute to enhancing audience's sense of being with a performer (i.e., social presence), and whether this will subsequently influence audience's psychological engagement with the performer (i.e., parasocial interaction), enjoyment as need satisfaction, and intent of financial supportive action towards the performer. Results showed that 3D sound enhanced a sense of social presence, and this, in turn, positively influenced parasocial interaction and enjoyment. In addition, parasocial interaction, fostered by social presence, positively affected audience's intent of financial supportive action. Further implications of the findings with respect to the role of 3D sound in a pre-recorded live concert content, rendered through a VR technology, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-93
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Human Computer Studies
Volume126
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Education
  • Engineering(all)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Hardware and Architecture

Keywords

  • 360-degree stereoscopic live concert video
  • Enjoyment
  • Intent of financial supportive action
  • Parasocial interaction
  • Social presence
  • Three-dimensional sound

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