We hybridized cloned DNA segments to salivary gland polytene chromosomes of the medfly, Ceratitis capitata, and thus established molecular markers for 24 sites on 6 out of 10 autosomal arms. An additional marker identified a medfly repetitive element that hybridizes to approximately 100 autosomal sites as well as a granular network that is thought to represent the X chromosome. Some of the markers correspond to 9 characterized transcription units, while 17 remain anonymous; at least 3 of the latter are restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers. The characterized transcription units document that chromosomal arm 5L of C. capitata is homologous to the Drosophila melanogaster X chromosome, in agreement with previous inferences based on the extensive conservation of linkage groups in Diptera.
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