The ribbon-like hard X-ray emission in a sigmoidal solar active region

Chang Liu, Jeongwoo Lee, Dale Gary, Haimin Wang

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38 Scopus citations


Solar flare emissions at Ha and EUV/UV wavelengths often appear in the form of two ribbons, and this has been regarded as evidence of a typical configuration of solar magnetic reconnection. However, such a ribbon structure has rarely been observed in hard X-rays (HXRs), although it is expected. We report a ribbon-like HXR source observed with the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) at energies as high as 25-100 keV during the 2005 May 13 flare. For a qualitative understanding of this unusual HXR morphology, we also note that the source active region appeared in a conspicuous sigmoid shape before the eruption and changed to an arcade structure afterward as observed with the Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE) at 171 Å. We suggest that the ribbon-like HXR structure is associated with the sigmoid-to-arcade transformation during this type of reconnection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L127-L130
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 II
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • Sun: UV radiation
  • Sun: X-rays, gamma rays
  • Sun: flares


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