The Transistor was Invented 75 Years Ago: A Big Milestone in Human History

Hiroshi Iwai, Durga Misra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Seventy-five years ago, on December 16, 1947, the transistor was invented by William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Walter Brattain at Bell Telephone Laboratories. This was a big milestone in human history as it was the origin of the field of micro/nano electronics, which is now resulting in a super-intelligent society. The technological revolution that followed the invention of the transistor is astounding and has moved mankind forward in countless ways. This paper describes the process of the technological development behind the invention of the transistor, and discusses the meaning and impact of its invention on human history.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochemical Society Interface
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrochemistry


  • scientific history
  • transistor


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