Investigations on thermal transport in cross-linked elastomers subjected to elongational deformations are reviewed and discussed. The focus is on experimental research, in which the deformation-induced anisotropy of the thermal conductivity tensor in several common elastomeric materials is measured using novel optical techniques developed in our laboratory. These sensitive and noninvasive techniques allow for the reliable measurement of thermal conductivity (diffusivity) tensor components on samples in a deformed state. When combined with measurements of the stress in deformed samples, we are able to examine the validity of the stress-thermal rule, which predicts a linear relationship between the thermal conductivity and stress tensor in deformed polymeric materials. These results are used to shed light on possible underlying mechanisms for anisotropic thermal transport in elastomers. We also present results from a novel experimental technique that show evidence of a deformation dependence of the heat capacity, which implies that, in addition to the usual entropic contribution, there is an energetic contribution to the stress in deformed elastomers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry