Theta-mechanism based cluster search algorithm for global constrained optimization

Hao Chen, Fengzhu Jia, Xiaoying Pan, Zhi Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study concerns constructing an evolutionary search system to solve the global constrained optimization problems. Firstly, we proposed a hybrid constraint-handling method, called theta-mechanism, which blends two types of constraint-handling functions and alternates use of them in the searching process to balance two competing objectives: seeking as much as possible feasible regions and quickly converging to the optimum point in the found feasible regions. Secondly, to enable the search system to cooperate well with the theta-mechanism, we designed the cluster search algorithm (CSA) and developed the search reachability analysis (SRA) method. Based on SRA, we evaluated the characteristics of several typical search operators in order to assemble them into different operator combinations in CSA to maximize its performance, which enables CSA with theta-mechanism to accomplish the two inconsistent search objectives effectively. We tested the proposed method on 18 benchmark functions from IEEE CEC2010 and 32 real-world constrained optimization problems collected in IEEE CEC2020. Our results show the CSA with theta-mechanism is more competitive than the existing state-of-the-art approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110963
JournalApplied Soft Computing
StatePublished - Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software


  • Cluster search algorithm
  • Global constrained optimization
  • Search reachability analysis
  • Theta-mechanism


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