The design, synthesis, and in vitro biological studies of a biotin–carbazole–dicyanovinyl–chlorambucil conjugate (Bio-CBZ-DCV-CBL; 6) are reported. This conjugate (6) is a multifunctional single-molecule appliance composed of a thiol-sensor DCV functionality, a CBZ-derived phototrigger as well as fluorescent reporter, and CBL as the anticancer drug, and Bio as the cancer-targeting ligand. In conjugate 6, the DCV bond undergoes a thiol–ene click reaction at pH<7 with intracellular thiols, thereby shutting down internal charge transfer between the donor CBZ and acceptor DCV units, resulting in a change of the fluorescence color from green to blue, and thereby, sensing the tumor microenvironment. Subsequent photoirradiation results in release of the anticancer drug CBL in a controlled manner.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- antitumor agents
- drug delivery
- glutathione sensing