Time constant for the dermal absorption of semivolatile organic compounds from the gas phase of indoor air

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Abstract

A Laplace transform-based technique was applied to solve a mechanistic model and simulate scenarios often encountered in the percutaneous absorption studies of semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) from indoor air. The system included the stratum corneum layer, a skin surface lipid region and the viable epidermis. The new framework made it possible to provide analytical expressions for the effective time constant (teff). This dynamic key performance indicator helped estimate the time required to reach either a steady-state absorption rate or the total amount of SVOC absorbed into the bloodstream. In the case of a constant concentration Cg of the chemical, the flux reached 98.1% of its steady-state value at 4teff. When participants were exposed to 29.4 µg/cm3 of m-xylene vapors during an 8-hour period and zero concentration thereafter, the mass of m-xylene entering the bloodstream and the time constant were 4.40 mg and 1.02 h, respectively. The mass transfer coefficient between the air and the surface of the lipid layer (hm) remained unchanged. The methodology calculated teff in cases of varying hm and temporary Cg when an SVOC was absorbed into the capillaries after a relatively short exposure time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number118687
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume144
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Keywords

  • Dermal absorption
  • Diffusion
  • Effective time constant
  • Exposure time
  • Flux
  • Semivolatile volatile compound

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