Time-dependent deformation behavior of polyvinylidene fluoride binder: Implications on the mechanics of composite electrodes

Arnuparp Santimetaneedol, Rajasekhar Tripuraneni, Shawn A. Chester, Siva P.V. Nadimpalli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The majority of existing battery models that simulate composite electrode behavior assume the binder as a linear elastic material due to lack of a thorough understanding of time-dependent mechanical behavior of binders. Here, thin films of polyvinylidene fluoride binder, prepared according to commercial battery manufacturing method, are subjected to standard monotonic, load-unload, and relaxation tests to characterize the time-dependent mechanical behavior. The strain in the binder samples is measured with the digital image correlation technique to eliminate experimental errors. The experimental data showed that for (charging/discharging) time scales of practical importance, polyvinylidene fluoride behaves more like an elastic-viscoplastic material as opposed to a visco-elastic material; based on this observation, a simple elastic-viscoplastic model, calibrated against the data is adopted to represent the deformation behavior of binder in a Si-based composite electrode; the lithiation/delithiation process of this composite was simulated at different C rates and the stress/strain behavior was monitored. It is observed that the linear elastic assumption of the binder leads to inaccurate results and the time-dependent constitutive behavior of the binder not only leads to accurate prediction of the mechanics but is an essential step towards developing advanced multi-physics models for simulating the degradation behavior of batteries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-128
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Power Sources
StatePublished - Nov 15 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Battery degradation
  • Binder constitutive model
  • Composite electrode
  • Finite element model
  • Polyvinylidene fluoride
  • Visco-plasticity


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