Towards the development of sustainable landfills

H. N. Hsieh, J. N. Meegoda, J. P.A. Hettiarachi, S. El Haggar, R. I. Stressel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Scopus citations


Historically, municipal solid waste is mostly disposed in landfills. However, with the more stringent environmental regulations and difficulties in locating new waste disposal facilities, the low cost advantage of landfills is no longer true. This manuscript discusses the development of a new generation of landfills to achieve sustainable management of municipal solid waste. A sustainable landfill involves sequential application of anaerobic degradation, aerobic decomposition, and landfill mining. Biodegradation of waste in landfills is enhanced through leachate re-circulation, landfill gas collection, air injection, and environmental monitoring. Practical waste mining and recycling processes are also presented. This new generation of landfills will eliminate the commonly encountered problems of ground/surface water contamination and landfill gas emissions, as well as the need for new land for waste disposal and associated truck routing issues for new landfills. Copyright ASCE 2008.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of Sessions of GeoCongress 2008 - GeoCongress 2008
Subtitle of host publicationGeotechnics of Waste Management and Remediation, GSP 177
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2008
EventGeoCongress 2008: Geotechnics of Waste Management and Remediation - New Orleans, LA, United States
Duration: Mar 9 2008Mar 12 2008

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
ISSN (Print)0895-0563


OtherGeoCongress 2008: Geotechnics of Waste Management and Remediation
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew Orleans, LA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


  • Aerobic
  • Anaerobic
  • Bioreactor landfill
  • Landfill mining
  • Management
  • Municipal solid waste
  • Recycling
  • Sustainable


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