Tracing cyber attacks from the practical perspective

Zhiqiang Gao, Nirwan Ansari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


The integrity of the Internet is severely impaired by rampant denial of service and distributed DoS attacks. It is by no means trivial to devise a countermeasure to address these attacks because of their anonymous and distributed nature. This article presents a brief survey of the most promising recently proposed schemes for tracing cyber attacks: IP traceback. Since IP traceback technology is evolving rapidly, for the community to better comprehend and capture the properties of disparate traceback approaches, we first classify these schemes from multiple aspects. From the perspective of practicality and feasibility, we then analyze and explore the advantages and disadvantages of these schemes in depth so that shortcomings and possible enhancements of each scheme are highlighted. Finally, open problems and future work are discussed, and concluding remarks are drawn.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-131
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Communications Magazine
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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