Transdermal Delivery of Sumatriptan Succinate Using Iontophoresis and Dissolving Microneedles

James Paul Ronnander, Laurent Simon, Andreas Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


This study focuses on the in vitro transdermal transport of sumatriptan succinate using combined iontophoresis and dissolving polymeric microneedle arrays. Permeation experiments were performed to evaluate the effects of formulation parameters on drug release from polyvinylpyrrolidone systems under mild electrical current (≤500 μA/cm2). The preparations consisted of hydrophilic, positively charged molecules encapsulated in a water-soluble and biocompatible polymeric material. Current densities of 100, 300, and 500 μA/cm2 were applied during a 6-h period using silver/silver chloride electrodes. The circular array consisted of 600 needles and occupied a 0.785 cm2 area. Tests, carried out with Franz diffusion cells and skin of Göttingen minipigs, showed that small decreases in the polymer concentration led to negligible lag times and marked increases in the cumulative amount of drug permeated in 6 h (Q6h) and in the flux (Jss). At 500 μA/cm2, Q6h and Jss nearly doubled for a microneedle loaded with 5% (w/w) sumatriptan and 20% (w/w) PVP (lag time = 0 min; Q6h = 2888 μg/cm2; Jss = 490 μg/cm2/h) relative to a system loaded with 5% (w/w) drug and 30% (w/w) PVP (lag time = 36 min; Q6h = 1437 μg/cm2; Jss = 266 μg/cm2/h).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3649-3656
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science


  • controlled release
  • dissolution
  • drug delivery system
  • in vitro model
  • iontophoresis
  • microarray(s)
  • transdermal


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