Transport mechanisms in oral transmucosal drug delivery: Implications for pain management

Kwang Seok Kim, Laurent Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The mechanism for the oral transmucosal delivery of fentanyl citrate (OTFC) was investigated in this work. A developed mathematical model included the following transport characteristics: dissolution of the fentanyl citrate lozenge, diffusion through the saliva and oral mucosal membrane and equilibrium between adjacent layers. An orthogonal-collocation-based solution procedure was adopted to discretize the governing equations and boundary conditions. The Mathematica® built-in function, NDSolve, was applied to integrate the equations with respect to time. Simulations were conducted with a 200. μg-dosage. A novel fabrication method, aimed at maintaining a high flux for a prolonged period of time, was proposed based on the calculated delivery rate and cumulative amount of medicament absorbed into the systemic circulation. The model allows drug manufacturers to decide when to replace the unit based on estimated drug concentrations in the saliva and the mucosal membrane. Both the model and solution strategies were validated using serum fentanyl citrate concentration collected from adult subjects. The predicted profiles, based on parameters obtained from the literature, agree well with the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-100
Number of pages8
JournalMathematical Biosciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • Applied Mathematics


  • Controlled release device
  • Diffusion
  • Fentanyl citrate
  • Transmucosal delivery


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