Activation of the C-F bond of benzylic fluorides was achieved using 1,1,1-tris(hydroxymethyl)propane (2) as a hydrogen bonddonating agent. Investigations demonstrated that hydrogen bond-donating solvents are promoting the activation and hydrogen bondaccepting ones are hindering it. However, the reaction is best run under highly concentrated conditions, where solvents cannot interfere with the interaction between the organofluorine compound and the triol. Various benzylic fluorides react with secondary amines or anilines to form benzylic amines in good yields.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- C-F bond activation
- Highly concentrated conditions
- Hydrogen bond
- Nucleophilic substitution