Varying power integer codes for CDMA communications

Radha Poluri, Ali N. Akansu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Walsh and Gold codes are binary valued and are widely used in wireless CDMA applications due to their ease of generation as well as their fixed power property. There are not many code families available in the binary sample space with good performance. Intra- and inter-code correlations and in turn performance might be improved if we relax the sample values of spreading codes. In this paper, we attempt to obtain multiplevalued integer codes with better performance than the currently employed binary codes. We present two methods to design such spreading codes. In the first method, multiple valued spread spectrum code solutions are generated using brute-force search method within the integer numbers space. As a second method, Kronecker product (hybrid) codes of two or more families are generated. We designed several sample codes by utilizing these techniques and compared their BER performances with the known solutions for multiuser CDMA communications. It is shown that the proposed design techniques yield spreading codes that perform comparable to or superior to the Walsh and Gold families under the same test conditions. We predict that increasing the available spreading code families with various short and long code lengths, and good performance brings more efficiency and security for the design of software radio and dense sensor systems in their future implementations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationConference Record of the 41st Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, ACSSC
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 2007
Event41st Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, ACSSC - Pacific Grove, CA, United States
Duration: Nov 4 2007Nov 7 2007

Publication series

NameConference Record - Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
ISSN (Print)1058-6393


Other41st Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, ACSSC
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPacific Grove, CA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • Bit error rate (BER)
  • Code division multiple access (CDMA)
  • Fixed power code
  • Kronecker product (Hybrid) codes
  • Multi-level codes
  • Varying power code


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