Large amount of vertically aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) arrays were grown among the layers of vermiculite in a fluidized bed reactor. The vermiculite, which was 100-300 μm in diameter and merely 50-100 μm thick, served as catalyst carrier. The Fe/Mo active phase was randomly distributed among the layers of vermiculite. The catalyst shows good fluidization characteristics, and can easily be fluidized in the reactor within a large range of gas velocities. When ethylene is used as carbon source, CNT arrays with a relatively uniform length and CNT diameter can be synthesized. The CNTs in the arrays are with an inner diameter of 3-6 nm, an outer diameter of 7-12 nm, and a length of up to several tens of micrometers. The as-grown CNTs possess good alignment and exhibit a purity of ca. 84%. Unlike CNT arrays grown on a plane or spherical substrate, the CNT arrays grown in the fluidized bed remain their particle morphologies with a size of 50-300 μm and the good fluidization characteristics were preserved accordingly.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Materials Science