Vessel lumen segmentation in internal carotid artery ultrasounds with deep convolutional neural networks

Meiyan Xie, Yunzhu Li, Yunzhe Xue, Randy Shafritz, Saum A. Rahimi, Justin W. Ady, Usman W. Roshan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carotid ultrasound is a screening modality used by physicians to direct treatment in the prevention of ischemic stroke in high-risk patients. It is a time intensive process that requires highly trained technicians and physicians. Evaluation of a carotid ultrasound requires identification of the vessel wall, lumen, and plaque of the carotid artery. Automated machine learning methods for these tasks are highly limited. We propose and evaluate here single and multi-path convolutional U-neural network for lumen identification from ultrasound images. We obtained de-identified images under IRB approval from 98 patients. We isolated just the internal carotid artery ultrasound images for these patients giving us a total of 302 images. We manually segmented the vessel lumen, which we use as ground truth to develop and validate our model. With a basic simple convolutional U-Net we obtained a 10-fold cross-validation accuracy of 95%. We also evaluated a dual-path U-Net where we modified the original image and used it as a synthetic modality but we found no improvement in accuracy. We found that the sample size made a considerable difference and thus expect our accuracy to rise as we add more training samples to the model. Our work here represents a first successful step towards the automated identification of the vessel lumen in carotid artery ultrasound images and is an important first step in creating a system that can independently evaluate carotid ultrasounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019
EditorsIllhoi Yoo, Jinbo Bi, Xiaohua Tony Hu
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2393-2398
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728118673
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Nov 18 2019Nov 21 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period11/18/1911/21/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Health Informatics
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Keywords

  • convolutional neural networks
  • lumen segmentation
  • vascular ultrasounds

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