Viewport-adaptive navigable 360-degree video delivery

Xavier Corbillon, Gwendal Simon, Alisa Devlic, Jacob Chakareski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

260 Scopus citations


The delivery and display of 360-degree videos on Head-Mounted Displays (HMDs) presents many technical challenges. 360-degree videos are ultra high resolution spherical videos, which contain an omnidirectional view of the scene. However only a portion of this scene is displayed on the HMD. Moreover, HMD need to respond in 10 ms to head movements, which prevents the server to send only the displayed video part based on client feedback. To reduce the bandwidth waste, while still providing an immersive experience, a viewport-adaptive 360-degree video streaming system is proposed. The server prepares multiple video representations, which differ not only by their bit-rate, but also by the qualities of different scene regions. The client chooses a representation for the next segment such that its bit-rate fits the available throughput and a full quality region matches its viewing. We investigate the impact of various spherical-to-plane projections and quality arrangements on the video quality displayed to the user, showing that the cube map layout offers the best quality for the given bit-rate budget. An evaluation with a dataset of users navigating 360-degree videos demonstrates that segments need to be short enough to enable frequent view switches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2017
EditorsMerouane Debbah, David Gesbert, Abdelhamid Mellouk
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781467389990
StatePublished - Jul 28 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2017 - Paris, France
Duration: May 21 2017May 25 2017

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607


Other2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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